Facing South
Facing South

North Carolina gets a Texas-sized warning on fracking

As North Carolina lawmakers prepare to pass a bill as soon as this week legalizing fracking for natural gas, they got a visit from a former Texas mayor who shared his cautionary tale about the serious problems the industry brought to his small town.

Calvin Tillman was elected mayor of Dish, Texas -- a community of about 200 residents 25 miles north of Fort Worth -- in 2007, at a time when fracking was booming in the area. Dish sits atop the Barnett Shale, which is one of the largest natural gas fields in the United States. Ten massive pipelines run through the town, carrying about a billion cubic feet of gas per day.

Tillman spent much of his time in office fighting to regulate the gas companies, which transformed his once-quiet community into a noisy, polluted industrial center. He finally moved away last year after his two young sons began waking in the middle of the night with severe nosebleeds that the family believes were related to toxic air emissions from the drilling operations.

Before Tillman left, he offered to rent his home to a gas company executive so they could see what it was like to live in the industry's midst.

"None took me up on it," he says.

Tillman, who appeared in the award-winning fracking documentary "Gasland," now works with a nonprofit group he founded called ShaleTest, which does environmental testing for lower-income families and communities affected by natural gas drilling. He visited North Carolina this week to talk about his experiences, meeting with about a dozen state lawmakers.

"I want to let everybody know there's more to this than they're being told by the industry," he says.

Tillman was no stranger to oil and gas drilling when he arrived in Dish in 2003 following service in the military. He grew up in Oklahoma, where his father worked for a time on oil rigs, and he attended high school in a town called Oilton, where he witnessed firsthand the industry's boom-bust cycles.

Tillman was elected to serve as a town commissioner in 2005, when Dish was still known as Clark. (It changed its name that year as part of a deal to get free TV service for residents from the Dish Satellite Network.)

It was around that time that fracking, as Tillman puts it, "went berserk" in the area. This satellite photo shows numerous white rectangles in and around the community -- all of them gas-industry operations (click on photo for a larger version):

Especially worrisome for Tillman and other residents of Dish was the air pollution coming from the operations, including a gas treatment facility near Tillman's home. As production intensified, the chemical stink from the facility grew stronger.

"The odor got to the point where it was uncomfortable to be outside," he says. "Your eyes would be burning."

It was around this time that his sons -- now 7 and 9 -- began experiencing severe nosebleeds even in their sleep, when the problem couldn't be explained by rough play. Tillman also began hearing other residents' stories about nosebleeds that seemed to correlate with the intensity of the odors.

Tillman tried to work with the industry to address the problem. Their solution involved sending a worker out to drive around town for a few hours with a methane detector, after which they declared there was no problem.

Disgusted with the industry's inaction, Tillman contacted a local environmental consulting firm called Wolf Eagle Environmental. The town contracted with the company to conduct a serious air pollution study -- and its conclusions were disturbing:

"Air analysis performed in the Town of DISH confirmed the presence in high concentrations of carcinogenic and neurotoxin compounds in ambient air near and/or on residential properties. The compounds in the air indicate quantities in excess of what would normally be anticipated in ambient air in an urban residential or rural residential area."

Many of the toxic compounds were detected at levels higher than those set by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) for short- and long-term health effects.

Among the chemicals the study found at dangerously high levels were benzene, a known cancer-causing chemical that was detected in one sample at 55 times the Texas standard for long-term health effects. Naphthalene, a potential human carcinogen, was found at levels 3.6 times the standard. Detected levels of xylenes, potent neurotoxins, were double the long-term health standard.

Other chemicals found at levels exceeding TCEQ's health standards were dimethyl sulfide, methyl ethyl disulfide, ethyl-methyl-disulfide, trimethyl benzene, 1,2,4-trimethyl benzene, carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, methyl pyridine and dimethyl pyridine.

In response, TCEQ conducted its own study, testing blood and urine samples from 28 people living in or near Dish. While it did find elevated levels of some toxic compounds in people's bodies, it attributed those to other exposures such as cigarette smoking and household cleaning products. However, TCEQ acknowledged that its study had limitations -- including the fact that it was based on a one-time sample even though the compounds of concern typically stay in the body for only a few hours.

TCEQ's findings did not assuage Tillman's worries. When his sons suffered three severe nosebleeds in the middle of the night during a single week in late May 2010, he decided to leave. In March 2011 the family moved to Aubrey, Texas -- 15 miles from the nearest gas well. Since then, he reports, his sons have not experienced a single middle-of-the-night nosebleed.

But it's not only the health impact of fracking that upset Tillman. As a conservative who was a registered Republican until he became disgusted over former Vice President Dick Cheney's role in securing the "Halliburton loophole" exempting fracking fluid ingredients from disclosure under environmental laws, Tillman is offended by the impact the gas industry has on private property rights. He says that the bill North Carolina is considering is especially troubling on that front.

"This is an atrocity for private-property rights," says Tillman, now a political independent. "Anyone who votes for this bill should have to hand in their conservative cards and take Ronald Reagan's picture off their wall."

He points to the section of N.C. Senate Bill 820 that authorizes what's known as "forced pooling," a controversial legal tool that allows drillers to gain access to mineral rights beneath someone's property without his permission, as long as a certain percentage of his neighbors sign gas leases.

"This is the worst forced pooling bill I've seen," Tillman says. "Your state is giving corporations the authority to come and take your property from you."

He also points out that North Carolina's bill takes away local governments' ability to regulate fracking in their communities -- an insult to his conservative belief in local control.

Tillman urges North Carolina lawmakers to give more careful consideration to what they're getting the state into. But that's looking increasingly unlikely, with the House Environment Committee approving the bill without public comment the morning after Tillman flew back to Texas. The full House is expected to take up the bill -- a version of which has already passed the Senate -- as early as today.

"Everybody needs to slow down," Tillman warns. "The shale's been down there for a million years, and it'll still be there in a million more."

(Photo of Tillman is a still from "Gasland.")

Facing South
Facing South
Appreciate this post? Please donate & share below.
Reddit »

People Referenced:


read this

ok as far as nose bleeds and that ya it could happen but don't you think that it would happen to the workers more then it would the community. i work in the gas and oil field and i haven't had one nose bleed or any health issues i am on the frac site when they are fracking and drilling and i can tell you its not bad like everyone of you ppl who are against it or making the gas industry looking bad and should i say tree huggers but listen it gives ppl jobs better then being on welfare or asking for free money which is what this world is comming down to and it disgust me and sickens me. well think about it if it wasn't for the gas industry you wouldn't have computers or cell phones think about it everything is made from the oil and other products but ok lets face it i bet that if no one had all those things to make your lifes easier then you would want the gas and oil industry back. you all might as all face it the gas industry isn't going to go no where so ain't no sense trying to stop it face it america needs the gas and oil.; well enough said

Would you be interested in

Would you be interested in starting a petition that would put a end to polluting Air and water and privatizing our water.
We actually have to doing something more the asking Politicians, who took the bribe in the first place to allow Hydraulic Fracturing that destroy Americas water. Maybe the reason behind the insane idea of fracturing is they want to privatize water by destroying all free drinkable water.
Petition United States Fire Marshal ,To stop using chemical treated water for fracturing. When the fire department go's to put out a fire it will be impossible putting everyone at risk .
The petition to all politicians on Hydraulic Fracturing and privatizing our water.
No one is above the law, no one person or company is exempt from the Clean Air & Water act and Safe Drinking Water Act. We the people demand that they strictly enforce the clean Air & Water Act. By finding and prosecuting perpetrators.
We the people are signing this petition that will change legislation for ever. By implementing the first. We The People Class Action Law Suit.
It is our duty and right to stand up to protect all Americans, by putting a stop to a corruption in America.

i can tell you this much they

i can tell you this much they do not destroy the water there is methane gas in the ground anyhows so think about it when they do that they actually burn off the menthane gasses so come on really. they triple wall the hole with cement and other things if you go to utube and look it up it explains everything they do and body that studys the oil industry would know this. i can't believe there are so many ppl that don't even know the facts about it and hate it and just say things against the oil field when they don't know the half of anything they do. The only thing that ppl hate about it is because they don't have enough land and they are jealous because they are not getting the gas money for the land lease well thats what it boils down to. well enough said if you gonna say they keep on ruining water sources do research you will find out different but ya enough said


I cannot believe the committee of OUR representatives voted to allow fracking after seeing and listening to this man who has LIVED with it! Perhaps they do not understand the definition of the word "environment"? And who gives them the right to give away the mineral rights of my own property?


I had the opportunity to listen to Mr. Tillman speak in Athens, OH. To our southern neighbors, listen to him. and wish us well on Sunday, June 17, as Ohio holds a Rally and march to the Statehouse in Columbus as "Don't Frack Ohio" with the support of 350.org. Right now Ohio is taking all of Pennsylvania's frack waste water (benignly called "brine"). We don't have the ODNR personnel to adequately inspect the frack decks and injection wells we currently have yet they are in support of more and more of both. I've attended many informative meetings, visited Wetzel County, WV, and have been reading and studying this industry for months. All the industry sites look real nice, however, there are many details they don't include about living with fracking. Do your homework before making any decisions. Even the water testing they volunteer to do may only be Tier 1 testing, not Tier 3 (which comes closer to tests for the most hazardous chemicals to be found in frack water). So "We'll test your well water before we drill" won't mean a thing. And right now, in Ohio, SB-315 has been passed by our Gov. Kasich which gives the Oil and Gas industry power over our own doctors.

your rally

Good luck tomorrow!

Thanks for article to help NC understand grave dangers

Thanks for this article which points up to NC the grave dangers of fracking-some of them. Whether air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, all these need to have clear and substantial Recourse OPTIONS FOR THOSE AFFECTED.

Nobody's company should be exempt from disclosing harmful chemical lists which can affect the environment. Neither should there be any type of exemption from damages done to others.

Additionally private property rights should not be legislated away. If somebody does not want fracking going on under their feet, started from a neighboring property that should be that individual's right.

We need to start focusing on new types of energy altogether rather than burning anything mined or drilled. Such things as magnetic motors are a possibility, or water-powered vehicles, both of whic exist and could be developed widescale commercially.

My hat is off to Mayor Tillman from Texas for taking his time and energy to help others in other states like NC stay aware of the dangerous harms fracking can cause.
I hope over time our legislators develop a cautionary stance on fracking vs. a run-for-the-money attitude. There can really be bad consequences if a major aquifer is contaminated, and lots of other problems. As Lord Maitreya said, "Just because man can do something does not mean that he should."


It is such a shame that the ones that the people of North Carolina, had put their trust in is selling out the people along with the land, and it's not their's to sell, it belongs to the owners that pay the taxes each year. This is GRAND THIEFT on the largest scale, the ones signing it into law will be found guilty and held accountable, not only by the people of North Carolina, but by God The Heavenly Father. He wants us to be stewards of the land to use it for good and prosper, not to destroy it. They are taking the people's trust and spitting in their faces, and telling every one from North Carolina they are not important, but their greed for money is. So how much is our children's lives worth to them? How much are their lives and their own children's lives worth to them, and the Senate, Governor,and all other so called trusted Servants of the people. $0.00.

Post new comment

You may enter comments here to publicly respond to this article. If you are having trouble posting your comment, please contact help@southernstudies.org.
The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.